By now, you have probably designed the circuit using computer-aided simulations that allow the circuit to work great. The only thing to do now is to create a printed circuit board so you can actually see it working. Regardless of whether your circuit is for a school project or an important component of an electronic product that you are building for your company, transforming it on a PCB will improve its look and give you an idea of how the completed product will look like.
There are currently four methods to print a circuit board –
acid etching method, UV etching method, mechanical etching (also known as routing method), and laser etching method. This article focuses on the acid etching method to produce a printed circuit board easily.
It is important to keep in mind that the acid etching method needs extreme safety precautions. You also need several materials and the process is quite slow compared to other methods. The quality of the board may vary depending on the materials you use but in general, it is a great method for basic to intermediate level of circuits. If your circuits have tiny wires and more close wiring, the acid-etching method is recommended.
The first thing you need to do is to create the layout of the printed circuit board. This is normally done by transforming the schematic diagram of the circuit into a PCB layout through computer software. There are several PCB layout software available and it is best to choose open source software packages.
Also, make certain that you have all the materials you need –
Next, draw the circuit layout on the copper coated board, which is only applicable for acid etching and UV etching method. In etching the board, you should look for the details sections on how to do it. This process eliminates any unnecessary copper from the board that leaves the final circuit’s wiring.
In drilling mount points, you can use custom machines designed for creating printed circuit boards. However, with some changes, a regular drilling machine can do the job especially if you are working at home.
In the acid etching method, you need to choose your etching acid. A common choice is ferric chloride, but you can also use ammonium per sulfate crystals and other acid solutions. Regardless of your choice of the chemical etchant, the solution will always be a dangerous material. Hence, aside from following common safety precautions, you must always read and adhere to added safety precautions when using the acid.
For acid etching, you need to have a layout for the circuitry using a material that is resistant to the acid –
There are special markers available for this particular purpose if you want to draw the printed circuit board manually. However, this is not suitable for medium to large circuits. Printer ink is commonly used to print the layout on a glossy paper. You must make certain that the circuit is mirrored before you do this. It is noted that most PCB layout software have this as an option when you need to print the schematics. Also take note that this only works on laser printers.
Then, place the glossy side with the printed layout on it facing the board. Iron the paper using a flat iron depending on the type of paper and ink you use. Dip the paper and the board in hot water for several minutes up to 8 to 10 minutes. Then peel off the paper.
Make sure that you read the instructions first before you prepare the acid solution. For instance, some crystallized acids need to be dissolved in hot water while other acid solutions are ready to use. You can submerge the board in the acid and make sure to stir it every three to five minutes.
Take out the board and wash it in running water until all the unneeded copper fall away from the board.
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Here we are sharing some information about create a Printed Circuit Board using acid etching method. If you want to know more, visit our website Pcbnet.com and contact to us.
A motivational speaker can deliver speeches and presentations on any subject matter. However, what counts the most is their limitless passion for a particular subject. You can become one of the top motivational speakers through identifying first your audience and the message you want to address, improving your public speaking skills, and marketing your speaking capabilities.
Identify your audience and message
• Choose a topic that you are comfortable sharing and speaking about. You can speak about engaging to better relationships, being happy and fulfilled, or improving your parenting skills. There are no limits in choosing a topic as long as you can inspire people to act and do something.
• Base your topic on your passions or something you believe and feel strongly about it. It will be challenging to motivate your audience if you do not care about your topic.
• Your message must be timely and relevant. Motivational speeches about pay phones or type writers will be ignored now that you are in the modern times.
• Be an expert of your chosen topic. Your audience expects a lot from you to know about the subject matter of your motivational speech. Study, read more, and stay updated in your field.
• Get to know your audience. Before you get too far in climbing up in your chosen career, understand the needs and wants of your audience. Plus, you have to be aware that different groups of people need to be communicated in various ways.
Improve your public speaking skills
• Enroll in public speaking programs. Check your local community college and other organizations that offer short courses on public speaking. Your goal in taking these classes is to be comfortable in talking and engaging to big groups.
• Record your speeches. This is the best way to evaluate and watch yourself perform. Through watching your performance, you can spot easily the things you need to improve and change.
• Look closely to the details that will motivate you. You definitely want to establish eye contact with your audience. You must start using the proper body language and sound motivational and natural.
• Improve your writing skills as well. Most motivational speakers are also great writers. They are also capable of supporting their speaking engagements with excellent and well written materials. Communication skills are important if you want to become one of the great and effective motivational speakers. When you have the opportunity, write a blog, publish your articles and keep your website updated. Continuous writing will not only enhance your motivational speaking skills but it will also be your avenue to connect with your readers and followers across the globe.
• Choose the best tool to use. Great motivational speakers invest on excellent presentations, large screens and workbooks whenever they deliver their powerful speeches. Ensure that you are going to choose a tool that works best for you that you can easily manage.
Market your speaking capabilities
• Look for a good venue. A motivational speech in an auditorium or a conference hall will be well-received compared to one that is delivered in a basement.
• The venue must be able to hold the size of your target audience. If you aim for an intimate interaction, a too big room will feel empty or a too small place will feel crowded.
• Come up with a marketing plan. Sell tickets at an affordable price. Build your brand through advertising at the local papers, send e-newsletters, and invest on postcards or brochures.
• Ensure to register your name with the speaker’s bureaus. Offer your services to organizers of seminars, conferences, and conventions.
• Encourage your audience to give feedback and testimonial about your speeches.
Make your speeches lively and fun. Encourage audience participation for adult participants. Initiating interaction is the perfect way to remember the activities you have prepared for your audiences.
One of the most crucial things a golfer would have to do is to pick out his golf balls. This might be daunting for beginners, but it is something that you cannot—and should not—avoid. It’s not as easy as going to your nearest sports outlet and buying the first bag of balls you see. Every good golfer would have a rationale for his particular choice of balls. It’s really less of a science and more of an art, but there’s no need to worry. To help you out, here are some of the factors you have to take into consideration when buying golf balls.
Note that these are just some of the factors you would have to take into account, among many this, however, is already a good start to help you decide on what to pick.
Your first consideration will be spin. Naturally, your skill level influences this however, the design of the ball is also a crucial factor, which could negatively or positively affect your game. Golf balls with lesser spin are easier to control, because they have lesser tendencies to deviate from the ball trajectory. These are also less sensitive to mishits—you minimize the effect of hooking and slicing. Because the ball inherently has less spin, the ball plays down your miscue. The only drawback here is that it might be difficult to get the ball to stop quickly when you are on the putting green. However, a little extra backspin should help you with an approach shot.
Because of all these factors, beginners and players with higher handicaps prefer playing using golf balls with less spin. Balls with higher spin rates are preferred by the more experienced golfers, but you must be confident with your swing before you graduate from the balls with less spin.
The next factor to look into is the distance the golf ball can give –
Again, skill comes into the equation but the golf ball itself can affect your game. Size and weight are the primary considerations when it comes to distance. For maximum distance, you should go for balls that have less air resistance during flight. Air resistance is the amount of air the ball would have to displace in order to reach its target destination.
While it might seem counter-intuitive, a heavier golf ball is likelier to reach longer distances than a lighter one. That is because the increased mass means it is slowed down less by air resistance. This is also why the standard set for weight is a maximum of 1.620 ounces or 45.93 grams.
Meanwhile, the opposite is true for size. For a golf ball, size is inversely proportional to distance. That means the smaller the ball is, the likelier it is to reach longer distances. This is again also due to the principles of air resistance smaller balls need to displace less air in flight. Because of this, the standard set for size is a minimum (as opposed to that for weight, which is a maximum), at a diameter that should not go down below 1.680 inches or 42.67 millimeters. Naturally, manufacturers prefer to make the smallest and heaviest possible balls.
The last factor to look into is the cost. Two-piece golf balls are the cheapest three-piece types are slightly more expensive; while four-piece types, the newest kind in the industry, are the most expensive. Beginners should buy the cheaper balls since they are likely to lose a lot of these as they start. That is, unless you have the extra cash and you are willing to buy the more expensive types. Otherwise, sticking to two-piece variants is your best bet as you start playing golf.
There are certain blog formats that complement keyword targeting because they maximize online exposure by addressing the overwhelming demands for information of internet users. People tend to do research with specific formats in their heads already, like when they like to find out the top brands of a certain appliance, or the pros and cons of their decisions.
They are more inclined to quantify and qualify their researches by trying to discover specific formats that they deem more useful and comprehensive. By also following these formats, you can maximize your SEO efforts and improve your online visibility.
1. Pros vs. Cons/Advantages vs. Disadvantages
If you engage in online selling and distributing, it is not enough to just use product and brand names as keywords because people like to get to the point – to know whether a product is good or bad. When online buyers do a research, they do not just type a product or brand name; they type pros and cons, and advantages and disadvantages. You will rank higher if you will readily provide the demanded information in this format already.
By writing pros and cons/advantages and disadvantages, you already sort out information the way readers want them to be. It is the same thing when you like to compare two things side by side because you can see the differences clearer.
2. How to’s
How often have you researched the term “how to…” when trying to learn a process? This is a question that most internet users love to ask. This kind of format is so demanded that it is now a domain in itself. That should not stop you from using the same format on your website, though.
When internet users like to learn a process, they do not just type “cooking,” “dancing” or “landscaping.” They type in “how to cook,” “how to dance” and “how to landscape” in every research. They like to have the instructions right away.
This format will work perfectly with SEO because internet users like to get instructions for free. This is also the reason why DIY has already taken a new meaning in the 21st century. DIY now also means do-it-yourself computer virus, do-it-yourself weight loss smoothie, do-it-yourself company and even do-it-yourself bomb (until FBI took the website down).
3. Do’s and Dont’s
When people go to Google for guidelines, they rarely use the term “guideline” as the keyword. What they look for is the do’s and dont’s. By using this format, you already become one step ahead by narrowing down the guidelines and grouping them for better comprehension.
4. Top lists
Rundowns, lists, countdowns or whatever you call them always grab attention because people are curious about the bests and worsts. People love to stay on track with trends and fads, so they refer to top lists for information. When people search a list, they do not demand for any random list; they want the list of the best and worst to narrow down their options. By playing to their demands, you get a bigger chance of ranking higher in the SERP.
Using top lists as a part of social proof marketing is also a fail-proof format because consumers also like to spend on wherever the money of other people are. If you use search engine optimization to earn through affiliate and multilevel programs, you should consider having your blog in this format.
How many times have you used the term “vs” or “difference between” when doing a research? Aren’t they very common search terms? Whether it is a comparison between grammar rules or a comparison between two brands of tablet, you use a specific search term in addition to the main keyword to quality your research.
People love to compare because they want all their options already presented to them in weighed assessments. People will love revisiting your site if your format is user-friendly.
The online market is one of the easiest and biggest markets to get into if you want to introduce your product, but it is also an aggressive and fast-changing market. Being unable to adapt and be flexible can be the kiss of death in internet marketing, and you do have to stay ahead of the trends, or at least keep up with them. Here are a few things you can do if you’re just starting out in internet marketing.
•Learn as much as you can
As what you should do with everything that you plan to do, you have to learn everything that you can about internet marketing before jumping in there. Even if you don’t plan on doing the HTML codes yourself, you will need to learn the basics so that at the very least, you’ll know what the person you hired is doing. Also, you should get to know all the online platforms that open up more opportunities for you. You can watch online tutorial videos that can help you understand the basics about SEO, content marketing, link building etc., just so you have a general idea of how each aspect of internet marketing works.
•Know and focus on your intended market
You can’t just go into internet marketing without a clear concept of who you are selling your product to and who you intend to reach. You have to know what demographic you want to cater to and create your marketing strategy around them. This means you need to have a basic knowledge of who your customers are and what they are looking for. It could happen that you end up having a majority of customers who are not within your intended market, which means you will have to adjust your strategy accordingly to cater to the people who are actually buying your product.
•Take it one step at a time
Try to learn and master one aspect of internet marketing before jumping into another one. If you try to cover all the bases right away, such as social media, SEO, email marketing, and more, from the get go, you may end up biting off more that you can chew. Instead, try out one aspect that you think you are rather good at and work on it until you become confident with your skills on that particular aspect before moving on to the next one. From there, you can again build up your skills and know-how before moving on to the next thing. This way, you can confidently continue the internet marketing aspects that you are already good at while testing out new ones and expanding your market.
•Build up your brand
It always comes down to quality content and coming up with a strong brand that effectively sells your product. You have to make the brand stand out. You can do that by having a clear idea of your motivations, goals, and the vision of your company. You should also write the content in a fun and engaging way. It would be better not to directly market your product and instead, connect with your customers in a human way. An even better way of marketing your brand is to get customer testimonials that tell your brand’s story for you.
•Acquire the right kind of traffic
Web traffic is an important part of internet marketing. You may have the best looking site with quality product, but it will all be for nothing if no one actually comes to take a look. As mentioned above, you need to know who your customers are, but you also have to find a way for them to find your site. You have to know which social media platforms your intended customers frequent and create a good strategy and ad campaign that will encourage them to come back.
When it comes to internet marketing, you have to be quick, creative and decisive. Take the tips above and apply them in your own marketing strategy, keeping in mind that fluidity and adaptability are key. Good luck!
Search Engine Optimization, commonly known as SEO, is all about spreading interesting and helpful information about a business (or an industry) all over the World Wide Web. This means that SEO companies have to realize that the quality of the content they publish matters a lot because it may very well be the deciding factor if the an article is read or not; it may determine whether a link will be shared.
This why for business owners, it is important to check for the quality of articles of an SEO firm. This article is made just for that – to help business owners identify companies that produce quality content.
The SEO Firm Has In-House Writers
Because writing can now easily be done at home, stay-at-home freelancers are increasing by the thousands. Due to this, however, almost anyone and their uncles suddenly became freelance writers overnight! These wannabes include people who have no grasp over their grammar and punctuation, as well as those who need a little more practice to produce readable content. And with this copy-paste culture making waves everywhere, pretentious freelancers often plagiarize content, putting them in their portfolios.
That is why it is recommended that a firm has in-house writers – writers that actually work in the office. Having an in-house team is essentially a guarantee that the skill of the writers have been assessed accordingly. But of course, the criteria does not end there.
The Top SEO Company Shows Writing Samples
SEO is not all about building links on high-powered pages and making local citations. Oftentimes, it is about the writing quality too.
The agency in question should have a page on their website that shows writing samples. This will help interested people in gauging the quality of output, as well as give an idea if the writers can produce useful content for specific industries.
At least five writing samples should be provided and should be able to display the full skill of the writers – creative writing, ability to change voices, and complete grasp of the English language. If five are not enough, remember that it’s always an option to ask for more samples.
The Company Blog Is Well-Written
If the company’s writers are good, it only makes sense that their blog (if they have any, but it’s a big red flag if they don’t have one) is well-written as well. This is also a reflection of how they will be writing their clients’ articles.
Basically, the blog should be informative but not overwhelming, insightful but not controversial, and able to communicate thoughts even to laymen. Furthermore, their posts should not look sloppy, hastily-made, or even shallowly-researched. A client is working with a top SEO company if its blog meets these criteria.
Their Writers Are Real People
This tip may sound funny, but there really are bogus SEO companies that pretend to have several writers (either in-house or remote), but in reality is a one-man-show with a content spinning software.
Spinning is technically paraphrasing articles using an automated tool and it does have its uses. However, article spinning always churns out low-quality articles no matter how the process is done. This is because spinning software lacks the common sense that the human brain has. Sure, the articles may be readable and may even pass as outputs of non-native writers. Will it get shared, though? Probably not.
Client And Writer Should See Eye-To-Eye
Even if the SEO writer is the best wordsmith that came to Earth since Hemingway, it will not do much if the business owner does not like his or her writing style (Hemingway has his haters too). That means both business owner and writer should things eye-to-eye.
This is where writer adaptability comes in.
Most writers have their own style or “brand” of writing, but they must learn to adapt to various styles and voices in order to accommodate a variety of clients. If the client is offering wedding planning services the mood of the articles should probably be happy. On the other hand, if a New York law firm is a client, serious tone and voice should be used. Surely, you won’t want to explore an entertainment site with articles written in the most boringly formal way.
Adaptability ultimately separates the successful writers from the mediocre ones.
It is a necessity to understand that mere link building is not enough. Content plays a part in a successful search engine optimization campaign too. The tips above will surely help interested people in finding the right firm for their business.
SEO Explode is the best company to provide you with the best SEO firm services that you need.
There are several pillars to the world of seo that you need to be aware of today. The acronym gets thrown around a lot and in the end, there are several components that you need to understand in order to fully get the impact that you can build through this solution. If you believe that search engine optimization is only one thing and it only helps if you put in the code right after a day or two, you are wrong. This is not a programming language or anything that you can work within an expedited manner. In the past, you could buy your way to the top of search engines, but that’s not how it works today, you will need to do more than just one thing if you want to succeed, and that’s where you will start to understand that optimization takes a lot of time.
One aspect of the world of seo that gets a lot of wrong ideas pointed at it is that of link generation. Backlinks are an important part of the bigger picture here, and they are not something that you want to be without. If your site has no sort of links pointing at it, you are going to miss out on the bigger picture here. The big picture is a complete package of internet marketing and that’s something that you will need to gain success on the web today. Getting to this place requires you to look at links in a whole new manner, especially in how they help make or break your website’s marketing prowess.
First and foremost, you need to understand that links don’t just magically help your rank. They actually need to mature. The time it takes for this to happen varies in a lot of arenas. You could set up a link today, and it may not register with search engines or help you until a few months down the line. The indexing cycle of search engines is what many don’t understand here. You may think that search engines update their pages immediately, but the results are part of a complex algorithm that no one really knows. Some people know a few pieces, but as a whole, no one has the real answer to this, and that’s one reason why you can’t just set up a link and gain the leverage you want through seo right away.
The purpose of the links that you can get for seo purposes are simple. You will be getting a letter of recommendation that is online. It’s not anything longwinded, it’s just a text link and that allows search engines to approve your URL as a trustworthy site. The more recommendations you get, the higher the ranking of your page will go. The more quality links you get, the higher the rank of your site within the search results and in the end that translates into a lot of traffic. Imagine getting flooded with visitors to your page and getting a lot more interest in whatever it is you’re doing. That’s the big deal here and that’s why so many chase this with reckless abandon.
Now before you go out and buy as many of these links as possible, you need to understand something very important, and that’s the back links have to be from prominent sites. You cannot buy these in bulk, you cannot buy these from someone and implement them in one day. When you do that, you end up getting marked as a “spammer”. If you are marked as a spammer or someone that can’t be trusted with seo protocol, you will get diminished returns on your pages marketing prowess. In the end, you may not be able to get any sort of traffic and if you do, it won’t be of a high quality.